ISLAM - TIBET THEMATIC BIBLIOGRAPHY


(Type Ctrl-F to search this page by keyword)


Islam in Tibet - Buddhism in Iran - Buddhism in Afghanistan - Tibet
Early History - Islamic historical accounts of Tibet - Islamic accounts of Buddhism
Mutual influences in literature - Art - Music - Religious Interactions - Ladakh
Kashgar - Kashmir – Baltistan - Nepal - Interactions within the Mongol Empire 
Interactions in Science: General; Medicine; Astronomy & Astrology 
Magic Squares - Mutual linguistic influences

Islam in Tibet

Butt, Masood:  “Muslims of Tibet”, in: Tibetan Bulletin 8-9 (January-February 1994), p. 16.
Cabezón, José: “Islam in the Tibetan Cultural Sphere”, in: Abdul Wahid Radhu, Islam in Tibet: Tibetan Caravans, Louisville: Fons Vitae, 1997, pp. 15-34.
Fang Jianchaing: “Research on the Huis and their Mosques in Tibet and on the Spread and Influence of Islam in Tibet”, in: Tibetan Studies (Lhasa), 2nd issue of 1989, pp. 202-222.
Francke, A.H.: “Islam among the Tibetans”, in: The Moslem World 19 (1929), pp. 134-140.
Gaborieau, Marc: Récit d’un Voyageur Musulman au Tibet. Paris, 1973.
[Memoir of Khwajah Ghulam Muhammad, a Kashmiri Muslim who travelled from Kathmandu to Lhasa in 1882-3. Contains some valuable insights on the history of Muslims in Tibet.] 
Jest, Corneille: “Kha-che and Gya-kha-che, Muslim Communities in Lhasa (1990)”, in: Tibetan Journal 20/3 (Autumn 1995), pp. 8-20.
Jest, Corneille: “Valeurs d'échange en Himalaya et au Tibet: l'ambre et le musc”, in: Bernard Koechlin / François Sigaut / Jacqueline M.C. Thomas / Gérard Toffin (eds), De la voûte céleste au terroir, du jardin au foyer, Paris 1987, pp. 227-238.
Mondal, Sekh Rahim: “Muslim Minority of Tibet – Retrospect and Prospects”, in: Islam and the Modern Age 30/2 (1999), pp. 115-137.
Nadwi, Abu Bakr Amiruddin: Tibet and Tibetan Muslims, New Delhi: Library of Tibetan Works & Archives, 2004.
Naik, Yusuf: “Memories of My Father, Abdul Ghani, in Tibet”, in: Tibet Journal 20/3 (1995), pp. 31-34.
Prince Peter of Greece and Denmark: “The Moslems of Central Tibet”, in: Journal of the Royal Central Asian Society 39 (1952), pp. 233-40.
Rahul, Ram: “Kashmiri Muslims in Tibet”, in: International Studies 3 (1961-2), pp. 181-183.
Rather, Ali Mohmad: “Tibetans Settled in Kashmir: A Socio-Cultural Study”, in: Journal of Peace Studies 3/16-17 (1996), pp. 23-30.
Sharma, Triloki Nath: “The Predicament of Lhasa Muslims in Tibet”, in: Journal of the Institute of Muslim Minority Affairs 10/1 (1989), pp. 21-27.
Sheikh, Abdul Ghani: “Tibetan Muslims”, in: Tibet Journal 16/4 (1991), pp. 86-89.
Siddiqi, Ataullah: “Muslims of Tibet”, in: Tibet Journal 16/4 (1991), pp. 71-85.

Buddhism in Iran

Ball, Warwick: “How Far did Buddhism Spread West?”, in: Al-Rafidan 10 (1989), pp. 1-11.
Ball, Warwick: “Two Aspects of Iranian Buddhism”, in: Bulletin of the Asia Institute of Pahlavi University ( Shiraz), 1/1-4 (1976), pp. 103-163.
Barthold, W.: “Der iranisches Buddhismus und sein Verhältnis zum Islam”, in: Oriental Studies in Honour of Cursetji Erachji Pavry, London 1933, pp. 29-31.
Bulliet, R.W.: “Naw Bahar and the Survival of Iranian Buddhism”, in: Iran: Journal of Persian Studies 14 (1976), pp. 140-145.
Emmerick, R. E.: “Buddhism among Iranian Peoples”, in: Ehsan Yarshater (ed.), The Cambridge History of Iran, vol. 3.2: The Seleucid, Parthian and Sasanian Periods, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983, pp. 949-964.
Melikian-Chirvani, Assadullah Souren: “L'Evocation Litteraire du Bouddhisme dans l'Iran Musulman”, in: Le Monde Iranian et l'Islam: Sociétés et cultures 2 (1974), pp. 1-72.
Melikian-Chirvani, Assadullah Souren: “Recherches sur l'architecture de l'Iran bouddhique. 1: Essai sur les origines et le symbolisme du stûpa iranien”, in: Le Monde Iranien et l'Islam: Sociétés et cultures 3 (1975), pp. 1-61, with 12 plates.
Melikian-Chirvani, Assadullah Souren: “The Buddhist Ritual in the Literature of Early Islamic Iran”, in: Bridget Allchin (ed.), South Asian Archeology 1981, Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference of South Asian Archeologists in Western Europe held in Cambridge University, 5-10 July 1981, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984, pp. 272-279.
Schopen, Gregory: “Hinayana Texts in a 14th Century Persian Chronicle,” in: Central Asiatic Journal 26 (1982), pp. 226-235.
Scott, David Alan: “The Iranian Face of Buddhism”, in: East and West 40 (1990), pp. 43-77.
Tucci, Guiseppe: “Iran et Tibet”, in: Acta Iranica 1 (1974), pp. 299-306.
Webb, Russell: “The Early Spread and Influence of Buddhism in Western Asia”, in: Buddhist Studies Review 10/1 (1993), pp. 57-82

Buddhism in Afghanistan

Dikshit, K. N.: “Buddhist Centres in Afghanistan”, in: Lokesh Chandra et al. (eds), India’s Contribution to World Thought and Culture, Madras: Vivekananda Rock Memorial Committee, 1970, pp. 229-238.

Gaulier, Simone, et al: Buddhism in Afghanistan and Central Asia: Minor Divinities and Assimilated Divinities - Monks and Ascetics. Leiden: Brill, 1976.


Tibet – Early History


Beckwith, Christopher: A Study of the Early Medieval Chinese, Latin, and Tibetan Historical Sources on Pre-Imperial Tibet, PhD diss., Indiana University 1977.
Beckwith, Christopher: “Aspects of the Early History of the Central Asian Guard Corps in Islam”, in: Archivum Eurasiae Medii Aevi 4 (1984), pp. 29-43.
Beckwith, Christopher: “Tibetan Inscriptions near the Issyk-kul”, in: Tibet Society Bulletin (Bloomington) 6 (1973), pp. 35-37.
Beckwith, Christopher: “The Revolt of 755 in Tibet”, in: Ernst Steinkellner / Helmut Tauscher (eds), Proceedings of the Csoma de Körös Memorial Symposium, Held at Velm-Vienna, Austria, 13-19 September 1981, vol. 1, Wien: Arbeitkreis für Tibetische und Buddhistische Studien, Universität Wien, 1983, pp. 1-16.
Beckwith, Christopher: The Tibetan Empire in Central Asia: A History of the Struggle for Great Power among Tibetans, Turks, Arabs and Chinese during the Early Middle Ages, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1987.
Beckwith, Christopher: “The Tibetan Empire in the West”, in: Michael Aris / Aung San Suu Kyi (eds), Tibetan Studies in Honour of Hugh Richardson, Proceedings of the International Seminar on Tibetan Studies, Oxford 1979, Warminster: Aris & Phillips, 1980, pp. 30-38.
Beckwith, Christopher: “The Tibetans in the Ordos and North China: Consideration on the Role of the Tibetan Empire in World History”, in: Christopher I. Beckwith (ed.), Silver on Lapis: Tibetan Literary Culture and History, Bloomington: University of Indiana Press, 1987, pp. 3-11.

Islamic historical accounts of Tibet


Beckwith, Christopher: “The Location and Population of Tibet According to Early Islamic Sources”, in: Acta Orientalia Academiae 43 (1989), pp. 163-170.
Dunlop, Douglas M.: “Arab Relations with Tibet in the Eighth and Early Ninth Centuries A.D.”, in: Islâm Tetkikleri Enstitüsü Dergisi (Istanbul) 5/1-4 (1973), pp. 301-18.
Harris, George K.: “On the Borders of Tibet”, in: Moslem World 15 (1925), pp. 164-167.
Petech, Luciano: “Il Tibet nella geografia musulmana”, in: Atti della Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, Classe di Scienze morali, storiche e filologiche, 2 (1947), pp. 55-70.
For bibliographies on Arabic sources on Tibet see also: Helmut Hoffmann, Tibet, A Handbook, Bloomington 1986 (section on Muslim sources); Beckwith (the bibliographic essay in The Tibetan Empire in Central Asia) and the article “Tubbat” in the Encyclopaedia of Islam.

Islamic accounts of Buddhism

Gimaret, Daniel: “Bouddha et les Bouddhistes dans la tradition Musulmane”, in: Journal Asiatique 267 (1969), pp. 272-316.
Gimaret, Daniel: Le livre de Bilawhar et Budasf selon la version arabe ismaelienne, Geneve, Droz. 1971.
Smith, Jane I.: “Early Muslim Accounts of Buddhism in India”, in: Studies in Islam 10 (1973), pp. 87-100.
Jahn, Karl: “Kamālashrī-Rashīd Al-Dīn's “Life and Teaching of the Buddha”, A Source for the Buddhism of the Mongol Period”, in: Central Asiatic Journal 11 (1956), pp. 81-128.

Mutual influences in literature


Francke, A.H.: “Two Ant Stories from the Ancient Kingdom of Western Tibet (A Contribution to the Question of the Gold-digging Ants)”, in: Asia Major 1 (1924), pp. 67-75.
Kvaerne, Per: “Dualism in Tibetan Cosmogonic Myths and the Question of Iranian Influence”, in: Christopher I. Beckwith (ed.), Silver on Lapis: Tibetan Literary Culture and History, Bloomington: University of Indiana Press, 1987, pp. 163-174.
Khache Phalu’s Advice on the Art of Living, Translated by Dawa Norbu, Dharamsala, India: Library of Tibetan Works and Archives, 2002.
[no definite author: The text has been attributed to the 7th Panchen as well as the 3rd. Tashi Tsering suggests Faizullah, a rich Muslim merchant from Shigatse and a close associate with the 3rd Panchen was the author. A very popular text. Apparently this is a Tibetan version/variation of the Persian Gulistan and Bostan by the 13th century Persian poet Muslih al-Din Sa’di]
Sagaster, Klaus: “Gesar the Islamic Antichrist”, in: Journal of Central Asia 10/2 (1987), pp. 5-12.
Sagaster, Klaus: “Kesar, der islamische Antichrist”, in: Michael Weiers / Klaus Sagaster (eds), Documenta Barbarorum, Wiesbaden 1983, pp. 341-348.
Sagaster, Klaus: “König Gesar, zur Symbolik des tibetischen Nationalepos”, in: Symbolon 4 (1978), pp. 163-171.
Samuel, Geoffrey: “Ge sar of Ling: The Origins and Meaning of the East Tibetan Epic”, in: Tibetan Studies 5 (1997), pp. 711-721.
Samuel, Geoffrey: “Gesar of Ling: Shamanic Power and Popular Religion”, in: G. Samuel / H. Gregor / E. Stutchbury (eds), Tantra and Popular Religion in Tibet, New Delhi: International Academy of Indian Culture, 1994, pp. 53-78.
Stern, Samuel Miklos / Walzer, Sofie: Three Unknown Buddhist Stories in an Arabic Version, Oxford 1971.
Tashi Tsering: “The Advice of the Tibetan Muslim “Phalu”: A Preliminary Discussion of a Popular Buddhist/Islamic Literary Treatise”, in: Tibetan Review, Part I: February 1988; Part II: March 1988.
Uray, Geza: “Vom römischen Kaiser bis zum König Ge-sar von Glin”, in: Walther Heissig (ed.), Fragen der Mongolischen Heldendichtung, Teil 3, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag, 1985, pp. 530-548.
Vambery, A.: “Approach between Moslems and Buddhists”, in: Nineteenth Century Fiction 71 (April 1912), pp. 657-666.

Art

Canby, Sheila R.: “Depictions of Buddha Sakyamuni in the Jami' al-Tavarikh and the Majma' al-Tavarikh”, in: Muqarnas 10 (1993), pp. 299-310.
Didier, Hughes: “Interférences islamochrétiennes dans les représentations du Bouddhisme”, in: Islamochristiana 16 (1990), pp. 115-138.
Esin, Emel: “On the Relationship between the Iconography in Muslim Uygur Manuscripts and Buddhist Uygur Eschatology”, in: Gunnar Jarring / Staffan Rosen (eds), Altaistic Studies, Papers at the 25th Meeting of the Permanent International Altaistic Conference at Uppsala, June 7-11 1982, Stockholm 1985, pp. 37-52.
Esin, Emel: “Turkic and Ilkhanid Universal Monarch Representations and the Cakravartin”, in: Proceedings of the 26th International Congress of Orientalists, New Delhi 1964, vol. II, pp. 86-132.
Hasan, Perween: “The Footprint of the Prophet”, in: Muqarnas 10 (1993), pp. 335-343.

Music


Samuel, Geoffrey: “Songs of Lhasa”, in: Ethnomusicology 20 (1976), pp. 407-449.
Trewin, Mark.:“A Cross-cultural Study of Instrumental Music in Ladakh.” In Wissenschaftsgeschicte und gegenwärtige Forschuunged in Nordwest-Indien: 1990, pp. 273-276. Edited by Gudrun Meier and Lydia Icke-Schwalbe. Dresden: Museum für Völkerkunde.

Religious Interactions

Buddhism and Islam
Cleary, Thomas: “Buddhism and Islam”, in: Transactions of the International Conference of Orientalists in Japan 27 (1982), pp. 31-38.
Duka, Theodore: “The Influence of Buddhism on Islam”, in: Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society 1904, pp. 125-141.
Gilliat, S.: “Islamic and Buddhist Doctrines of Personhood: Some Reflections for Interfaith Dialogue”, in: World Faiths Encounter 6 (1993), pp. 28-32.
Granoff, Phyllis: “Tales of Broken Limbs and Bleeding Wounds: Responses to Muslim Iconoclasm in Medieval India”, in: East and West 41 (1991), pp. 189-204.
Grönbold, Günther: “ Heterodoxe Lehren und Ihre Widerlegung im Kâlacakra-Tantra”, in: Indo-Iranian Journal 35 (1992), pp. 273-297.
Hadano, Hakuyû Hatano: “The Influence of Hinduism on Buddhism – The Formation of Kâlacakra as a Counter Measure Against Islam”, in: Journal of Indian and Buddhist Studies 1 (1953), pp. 356-357 (in Japanese).
Khan, Dominique-Sila: “L’Origine ismaélienne du culte hindou de Râmdeo Pîr”, in: Revue de l’Histoire des Religions 210 (1993), pp. 27-47.
Mair, Victor H.: “Three Brief Essays Concerning Chinese Tocharistan, no. B: Early Iranian Influences on Buddhism in Central Asia”, in: Sino-Platonic Papers 16 (March 1990), pp. 131-134.
Newman, John: “Eschatology in the Wheel of Time Tantra”, in: Donald S. Lopez (ed.), Buddhism in Practice, Princeton / Chichester: Princeton University Press, 1995.
Newman, John: “Islam in the Kâlacakra Tantra”, in: Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies 21/2 (1998), pp. 311-371.
Salomon, Carol: “The Bauls”, in: Donald S. Lopez (ed.), Religions of India in Practice, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1995, pp. 187-208.
Salomon, Carol: “The Cosmogonic Riddles of Lalan Fakir”, in: Appadurai / Korom / Mills (eds), Gender, Genre and Power in South Asian Expressive Traditions, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1991, pp. 267-304.
Scott, David A.: “Buddhism and Islam: Past to Present Encounters and Interfaith Lessons”, in: Numen 42/2 (May 1995), pp. 141-155.
Walter, Michael Lee: “Jâbir, the Buddhist Yogi I.”, in: Journal of Indian Philosophy 20 (1992), pp. 425-438.
Walter, Michael Lee: “Jâbir, the Buddhist Yogi II: ‘Winds’ and Immortality”, in: Journal of Indian Philosophy 24 (1996), pp. 145-164.
Zieme, Peter: “Antiislamische Polemik in einem alttürkischen buddhistischen Gedicht aus Turfan”, in: Altorientalische Forschungen 17/1 (1990), pp. 146-151.
Muslim Tantra
Khan, Dominique-Sila: “Conversation between Guru Hasan Kabîruddîn and Jogî Kâniphâ: Tantra Revisted by the Isma'ili Preachers”, in: David Gordon White (ed.), Tantra in Practice, Princeton / Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2000, pp. 285-295.
Himalayan Sufism
Gaborieau, Marc: “A XIXth Century Indian Wahhabi Tract against the Cult of Muslim Saints: Al-balâggh al-mubîn”, in: Christian W. Troll (ed.), Muslim Shrines in India, Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1989, pp. 198-239.
Gaborieau, Marc: “Pouvoirs et autorité des Soufis dans l'Himalaya”, in: V. Bouillier / G. Toffin (eds), Prêtrise, pouvoirs et authorité en Himalaya / Priesthood, Powers and Authority in the Himalayas, Paris: Editions de l’Ecole des hautes etudes en sciences sociales, 1989, pp. 215-238.
Gaborieau, Marc: “Powers and Authority of Sufis among the Kashmiri Muslims in Tibet”, in: Tibet Journal 20/3 (Autumn 1995), pp. 21-30.
Zarcone, Thierry: “Sufism from Central Asia among the Tibetans in the 16th-17th Centuries”, in: Tibet Journal 20/3 (Autumn 1995), pp. 96-114.

Ladakh


Abdul Wahid Radhu: Islam in Tibet & the Illustrated Narrative Tibetan Caravans. With a foreword by The Dalai Lama. Preface by Marco Pallis. Louisville, KY: Fons Vitae, 1997.
[a personal account of the Lo phyang caravan in the early 20th century]
Caravane tibétaine. Paris: Fayard, 1981.
Ahmad, Zahiruddin: “New Light on the Tibet-Ladakh-Mughal War of 1679-1684.” East and West, 1968, 18: pp. 340-361.

Bray, John: “The Lapchak Mission from Ladakh to Lhasa and the Government
of India’s Foreign Policy in the Second Half of the Nineteenth Century.” Tibet Journal 1990, 15 (4): pp. 75-96.

____: “Ladakhi and Bhutanese Enclaves in Tibet.” In Dodin & Räther. 1997: pp. 89-104.

Clarke, Graham: “Blood, Territory and National Identity in Himalayan States.” In Asian Forms of the Nation, 1996, pp.  205-236. Edited by Stein Tønnesson and Hans Antlöv. London: Curzon Press.

Dodin, Thierry & Räther, Heinz (Eds.): Recent Research on Ladakh. Ulmer Kulturanthropologische Schriften 9. 1997, Ulm: Universität Ulm.
Dollfus, Pascale: “Ethnohistore des musulmans du Ladakh central”, in: Henry Osmaston / Philip Denwood, (eds), Recent Research on Ladakh : 4 & 5, Proceedings of the fourth and fifth International Colloquia on Ladakh, London: School of Oriental & African Studies, 1995, pp. 289-326.
Dollfus, Pascale: “The History of Muslims in Central Ladakh”, in: Tibet Journal 20/3 (Autumn 1995), pp. 35-58.
Francke, A.H.: A History of Western Tibet. 1907, London: S.W. Partridge.
______: “Ladvags rGyalrabs, Chronicles of Ladakh according to the Schlagintweit MSS”, in: Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, N.S. 6, 8 (1910), pp. 393-423.

______. Antiquities of Indian Tibet, Part I: Personal Narrative. 1914, Calcutta: Archaeological Survey of India.

______:  Antiquities of Indian Tibet. Part II: The Chronicles of Ladakh and Minor Chronicles. 1926, Calcutta: Archaeological Survey of India.

Gergan, Joseph [Yo-seb dGe-rgan]: Bla dvags rgyal rabs ’chi med gter. Edited by S.S. Gergan. 1976, Srinagar.
Grist, Nicola: “Muslim Kinship and Marriage in Ladakh”, in: Charles Ramble / Martin Brauen (eds), Proceedings of the International Seminar on the Anthropology of Tibet and the Himalaya, September 21-28 1990 at the Ethnographic Museum of the University of Zurich, Zurich: Volkerkundemuseum der Universitat Zurich, 1993, pp. 80ff.
Grist, Nicola: “Muslims in Western Ladakh”, in: Tibet Journal 20/3 (Autumn 1995), pp. 59-70.
Marx, Karl: “Three Documents Relating to the History of Ladakh.” Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, (1891, 1894, 1902), 60, No.3: 97-134; 63, No.2: 94-107; 71, No.1: 21-34.

Moorcroft, William & Trebeck, George: Travels in the Himalayan Provinces of Hindustan and the Panjab, in Ladakh and Kashmir, in Peshawar, Kabul, Kunduz and Bokhara. Edited by H.H. Wilson. 2 Vols. 1837, London: John Murray.

Osmaston, Henry & Denwood, Philip (Eds): Recent Research on Ladakh 4&5. 1995, London: School of Oriental and African Studies.

Petech, Luciano: “A Study on the Chronicles of Ladakh (Indian Tibet).” Supplement to India Historical Quarterly 15. 1939. London. Rpt. ed.: New Delhi: Low Price Publications/DK Publishers, 1999.

______: The Kingdom of Ladakh c.950-1842A.D. 1977, Roma: IsMEO.

______:  “The ’Bri-gung-pa Sect in Western Tibet and Ladakh.” In Proceedings of
the Csoma de Kőrös Memorial Symposium 1976: 313-325. Edited by Louis Ligeti.
1979, Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó.

______: “Western Tibet. Historical Introduction.” In Tabo. A Lamp for the
Kingdom. Early Indo-Tibetan Buddhist Art in the Western Himalaya: 229-256. Edited byDeborah Klimburg-Salter. 1997, Milan: Shira Editore.

Rizvi, Janet: Ladakh. Crossroads of High Asia. 1983, Delhi: Oxford University Press; revised and expanded ed. 1996.

______:  Trans-Himalayan Caravans. Merchant Princes and Peasant Traders in Ladakh. 1999, New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Sheikh, Abdul Ghani: “A Brief History of Muslims in Ladakh”, in: Henry Osmaston / Philip Denwood, (eds), Recent Research on Ladakh : 4 & 5, Proceedings of the fourth and fifth International Colloquia on Ladakh, London: School of Oriental & African Studies, 1995.
Snellgrove, David & Skorupski, Tadeusz: The Cultural Heritage of Ladakh, 1. Central
Ladakh. 1977, Warminster: Aris & Phillips.

Tashi Rabgias [Bkra-shis-rab-rgyas]: Mar yul la dvags kyi sngon rabs kun gsal me long zhes bya ba bzhugs so sgrig pa po. 1984, Leh: C. Namgyal and Tsewang Taru Vitali 1996.
Srinivas, Smriti: “Conjunction, Parallelism and Cross Cutting Ties among the Muslims of Ladakh”, in: Tibet Journal 20/3 (Autumn 1995), pp. 71-95.
Srinivas, Smriti: “The Household, Integration and Exchange: Buddhists and Muslims in the Nubra Valley”, in: Henry Osmaston / Nawang Tsering (eds), Recent Research on Ladakh : 6, Proceedings of the Sixth International Colloquium on Ladakh, Leh 1993, Delhi 1997.
Srinivas Smriti: The Mouths of People, the Voice of God: Buddhists & Muslims in a Frontier Community of Ladakh, Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1998.
van Beek, Martijn. Identity Fetishism and the Art of Representation: the Long Struggle for Regional Autonomy in Ladakh. Ph.D. thesis, 1996. Cornell University.

Kashgar

Gibb, H.A.R.: “The Arab Invasion of Kashgar in A.D. 715”, in: Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 2 (1932), pp. 467-474.

Kashmir


Ahmad, Aziz: “Conversions to Islam in the Valley of Kashmir”, in: Central Asiatic Journal 23 (1979), pp. 5-10.
Khosla, Sarla.: History of Buddhism in Kashmir, Delhi: Sagar Publications, 1972.
Kuijp, Leonard van der: “Jayânanda: A Twelfth Century Guoshi from Kashmir Among the Tangut.” Central Asiatic Journal 37, no. 3/4 (1993) pp. 188-197.

Baltistan

Khan, Hashmatullah. History of Baltistan. Translated by Adam Nayyar. 1987, Islamabad: Lok Virsa.
Nepal

Dastider, Mollica: Religious Minorities in Nepal: An Analysis of the State of the Buddhist & Muslims in the Himalayan Kingdom, New Delhi: Nirala Publications, 1995.
Gaborieau, Marc: “Les Musulmans du Nepal”, in: Objets et Mondes 6 (1966), pp. 121-132.
Gaborieau, Marc: “The Cult of Saints among the Muslims of Nepal and Northern India”, in: Stephen Wilson (ed.), Saints and their Cults, Studies in Religious Sociology, Folklore, and History, Cambridge / New York: Cambridge University Press, 1983, pp. 291-308.

Interactions within the Mongol Empire


Fletcher, Joseph F.: “Confrontation between Muslim Missionaries and Nomad Unbelievers in the Late Sixteenth Century”, in: Walther Heissig et al. (eds), Tractata Altaica: Denis Sinor sexagenario optime de rebus altaicus merito dedicata, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 1976, pp. 167-174.
Foltz, Richard: “Ecumenical Mischief under the Mongols”, in: Central Asiatic Journal 43 (1999), pp. 42-69.

Interactions in science – general


Beckwith, Christopher: “Tibetan Science at the Court of the Great Khans”, in: Journal of Tibetan Studies 7 (1987) 5-11.

Interactions in science – medicine


Beckwith, Chistopher: “Tibetan Treacle: A Note on Theriac in Tibet”, in: Tibet Society Bulletin (Bloomington, Ind.) 15 (June 1980), pp. 49-51.
Zieme, Peter: “Einige neue medizinische Textfragmente der alten Uiguren”, in: Helmut Eimer et al. (eds), Studia Tibetica et Mongolica (Festschrift M. Taube), Swisttal-Odendorf: Indica et Tibetica Verlag, 1999, pp. 325-340.

Interactions in science – astronomy & astrology

van Dalen, Benno, ‘Islamic and Chinese Astronomy under the Mongols: a Little-Known Case of Transmission, in From China to Paris: 2000 Years Transmission of Mathematical Ideas, eds Yvonne Dold-Samplonius, Joseph W. Dauben, Menso Folkerts and Benno van Dalen, Stuttgart 2002, pp. 327-56.
Hartner, Willy: “The Earliest History of the Constellations in the Near East and the Motif of the Lion-Bull Combat”, in: Journal of Near Eastern Studies 24 (1965), pp. 1-16.
Hartner, Willy: “The Pseudoplanetary Nodes of the Moon's Orbit in Hindu and Islamic Iconographies”, in: Ars Islamica 5/1 (1938), pp. 113-154.
Kennedy, E.S.: “Eclipse Predictions in Arabic Astronomical Tables Prepared for the Mongol Viceroy of Tibet”, in: Zeitschrift für Geschichte der arabisch-islamischen Wissenschaften 4 (1987-8), pp. 60-80.
Pingree, David: “Astronomy and Astrology in India and Iran”, in: Isis 54 (1963), pp. 229-246.
Pingree, David: “Indian Influence on Early Sassanian and Arabic Astronomy”, in: The Journal of Oriental Research (Madras), 33 (1963-4), pp. 1-8.
Pingree, David: “Indian Influence on Sassanian and Early Islamic Astronomy & Astrology”, in: Journal of Indian Research 1973, pp. 118-126.

Interactions in science – magic squares


Cammann, Schuyler: “Evolution of Magic Squares in China”, in: Journal of the American Oriental Society 80 (1960), pp. 116-124.
Cammann, Schuyler: “Islamic and Indian Magic Squares”, in: History of Religion 8 (1968/9), pp. 181-209 and pp. 271-299.
Cammann, Schuyler: “Old Chinese Magic Squares”, in: Sinologica 7 (1962), pp. 14-53.
Cammann, Schuyler: “The Magic Square of Three in Old Chinese Philosophy and Religion”, in: History of Religion 1/1 (Summer 1962), pp. 37-80.

Mutual linguistic influences


Asmussen, Jes Peter: “The Word ‘But’ in Iranian”, in: Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 6/2 (1931), pp. 279-283.
Bazin, Louis: “L’origine du nom Tibet”, in: Louis Bazin, Les Turcs, des mots, des hommes (=  Wiener Studien zur Tibetologie und Buddhismuskunde 26, Wien 1991) Paris 1994, pp. 244-262.
Grierson, George Abraham: The Linguistic Survey of India. 11 vols. Calcutta 1903-1922. [vol. III, pp. 32sqq on Balti]
Laufer: “Loan Words in Tibetan”, in: T’oung pao 17 (1916).
Thsering, Mohammed Hasnain Sengge (Seng-ge-tshe-ring): “The Linguistic Heritage of Balti Tibetan Muslims”, in: Tibetan Review 36/2 (February 2001), pp. 18-20.Islam in Tibet
Butt, Masood:  “Muslims of Tibet”, in: Tibetan Bulletin 8-9 (January-February 1994), p. 16.
Cabezón, José: “Islam in the Tibetan Cultural Sphere”, in: Abdul Wahid Radhu, Islam in Tibet: Tibetan Caravans, Louisville: Fons Vitae, 1997, pp. 15-34.
Fang Jianchaing: “Research on the Huis and their Mosques in Tibet and on the Spread and Influence of Islam in Tibet”, in: Tibetan Studies (Lhasa), 2nd issue of 1989, pp. 202-222.
Francke, A.H.: “Islam among the Tibetans”, in: The Moslem World 19 (1929), pp. 134-140.
Gaborieau, Marc: Récit d’un Voyageur Musulman au Tibet. Paris, 1973.
[Memoir of Khwajah Ghulam Muhammad, a Kashmiri Muslim who travelled from Kathmandu to Lhasa in 1882-3. Contains some valuable insights on the history of Muslims in Tibet.] 
Jest, Corneille: “Kha-che and Gya-kha-che, Muslim Communities in Lhasa (1990)”, in: Tibetan Journal 20/3 (Autumn 1995), pp. 8-20.
Jest, Corneille: “Valeurs d'échange en Himalaya et au Tibet: l'ambre et le musc”, in: Bernard Koechlin / François Sigaut / Jacqueline M.C. Thomas / Gérard Toffin (eds), De la voûte céleste au terroir, du jardin au foyer, Paris 1987, pp. 227-238.
Mondal, Sekh Rahim: “Muslim Minority of Tibet – Retrospect and Prospects”, in: Islam and the Modern Age 30/2 (1999), pp. 115-137.
Nadwi, Abu Bakr Amiruddin: Tibet and Tibetan Muslims, New Delhi: Library of Tibetan Works & Archives, 2004.
Naik, Yusuf: “Memories of My Father, Abdul Ghani, in Tibet”, in: Tibet Journal 20/3 (1995), pp. 31-34.
Prince Peter of Greece and Denmark: “The Moslems of Central Tibet”, in: Journal of the Royal Central Asian Society 39 (1952), pp. 233-40.
Rahul, Ram: “Kashmiri Muslims in Tibet”, in: International Studies 3 (1961-2), pp. 181-183.
Rather, Ali Mohmad: “Tibetans Settled in Kashmir: A Socio-Cultural Study”, in: Journal of Peace Studies 3/16-17 (1996), pp. 23-30.
Sharma, Triloki Nath: “The Predicament of Lhasa Muslims in Tibet”, in: Journal of the Institute of Muslim Minority Affairs 10/1 (1989), pp. 21-27.
Sheikh, Abdul Ghani: “Tibetan Muslims”, in: Tibet Journal 16/4 (1991), pp. 86-89.
Siddiqi, Ataullah: “Muslims of Tibet”, in: Tibet Journal 16/4 (1991), pp. 71-85.