The MA in Art History, Curatorship and Renaissance Culture is offered by the Warburg Institute in collaboration with the National Gallery, London. The Warburg Institute is a leading centre for the study of the interaction of ideas, images, and society, and provides students with access to world-leading research, teaching and expertise. The National Gallery houses one of the world’s greatest collections of old master paintings and is staffed by museum professionals at the very forefront of their field.
Combining the art historical and scholarly traditions of the Warburg Institute and the practical experience and professional expertise of the National Gallery, this MA offers outstanding training in art history and curatorial practice. Students have the opportunity to study a wide range of topics, to engage with Renaissance artworks first hand, to learn from working curators, and to gain skills in interpreting primary sources across a range of disciplines. Modules are offered across history of art, philosophy, literature, science, political and religious thought, and collection care and exhibition display. As such, students will acquire analytical skills enabling them to follow a variety of career paths, including progressing to a PhD and undertaking high-level work in museums and galleries.
Graduates from the programme have gone on to successfully pursue doctoral study at the Institute and other renowned universities across the globe, leading to careers in academia. Others have entered the professional art world, taking up curatorial and research roles in the museum and gallery sector at institutions such as the British Museum, Fitzwilliam Museum, and Sotheby’s Auction House. This unique MA will appeal to and reward those with a curious mind, wide ranging interests, and a love of learning, books, visual culture and exhibitions.
• Access to one of the best resources for the study of Renaissance art and culture in London. Our open-stack Library, Photographic Collection and Archive is of international importance in the humanities. One of 20 libraries that changed the world, and with over 300,000 specialist volumes, it serves as an engine for interdisciplinary research and study.
• Behind-the-scenes access to one of the leading collections of European paintings and to the work that goes into the care of these artworks, from conservation to framing and display.
• Unparalleled staff contact hours with internationally renowned academics and curators. With approximately 20 - 40 graduate students admitted each year, you will join a tight-knit community of peers that benefits from close discussion with expert tutors and museum professionals, and small-group teaching.
• Our students come from a wide range of backgrounds and areas of study, from art history to literature, philosophy, history, anthropology, classics, and more, making for a dynamic and interdisciplinary learning environment.
• A unique opportunity at MA level to develop the language and palaeography skills needed for high-level primary research, be it as an academic or a curator working with historic collections.
• Extensive opportunities for networking with an international community of scholars, which significantly enriches the learning experience and can provide ideal connections for the future careers.
• Located in Bloomsbury, you will be placed at the centre of London’s academic and cultural hub. Students benefit from access toneighbouring institutions including the British Museum, the Government Art Collection, the Wellcome Trust and the British Library, and further afield the V&A, the Dulwich Picture Gallery, the National Portrait Gallery and the Courtauld Gallery.
• Warburg students are part of an illustrious tradition of international and interdisciplinary scholarship. Prominent scholars who have been associated with the Institute and Library include Aby Warburg, Ernst Cassirer, Erwin Panofsky, Edgar Wind, Dame Frances Yates, Ernst Gombrich, Michael Baxandall, Svetlana Alpers, Carlo Ginzburg, Keith Thomas, Georges Didi-Huberman, Giorgio Agamben, Lisa Jardine, Anthony Grafton, Umberto Eco, and many, many more.
• The MA programme at the Warburg Institute offers both an intellectually stimulating and rigorous programme of study and because we are a relatively small institute we are able to provide a welcoming and supportive academic community. Learning and research is a pleasure, and we are dedicated to ensuring that every student feels at home and able to advance in, and enjoy, their area of study.
Careers and Employability
In addition to key skills relating to scholarship and curatorial practice, students also acquire key transferable skills that will be useful in any workplace. These include:
Writing in different ways for different readerships
Problem solving and analytical skills
Critical reading and thinking
Project management and planning
Many Warburg alumni have gone on to pursue PhD study at the Warburg Institute or other leading Universities and cultural institutions across the globe, including the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, the Bayerische Akademie, the National Library, Argentina, and Universities of Cambridge, Copenhagen, Notre Dame (US), Padua, UCL, La Sapienza (Rome), Warwick, York and Yeshiva (New York).
Other students successfully pursue careers in the professional art world, joining curatorial, exhibition, education and research departments in the museum and gallery sector.
We understand that expense can often be a barrier to studying at postgraduate level. For that reason, the Warburg Institute is pleased to offer a wide range of full fee bursaries, to support both home and international students. In addition, the Institute has an excellent record in securing external funding and is happy to work with prospective students on funding applications.
The programme combines the study of artworks and their cultural contexts with high-level linguistic, archive and research skills for a new generation of academic art historians and museum curators.
Students received a rigorous training in:
Museum knowledge, and the intellectual and practical aspects of curatorship, including the technical examination of paintings, connoisseurship, materials and conservation, attribution, provenance, and issues relating to display.
The intellectual discipline of Art History and Renaissance culture, focusing primarily on the period 1300-1700. The programme will increase students’ understanding of methods for analysing works of art, their knowledge of Renaissance culture, and the conditions in which artworks were commissioned, produced and enjoyed.
Current and emerging research, scholarship and professional practice in these areas.
Primary source materials in original languages and translation for high-level research
The programme is taught through classes and supervision by members of the academic staff of The Warburg Institute and by National Gallery curatorial and archival experts, providing students with the opportunity to blend their academic study with behind-the-scenes training on a range of curatorial practices. The teaching staff of the Warburg Institute are leading academics in their field who have published widely and are involved with research related to the topics they teach. The staff at the National Gallery are leaders in their field. The expertise of staff at both institutions feeds directly into the teaching they provide, allowing students to develop the critical skills for academic research, museum work and creative independent projects.
Teaching, learning and assessment
All students take three core modules (Art History and Renaissance Culture: Image to Action, Curating at the National Gallery, Language and Palaeography), one compulsory module (Techniques of Scholarship), and two option modules. Finally, they conduct an independent research project through the dissertation, completed in the summer term under the guidance of a supervisor.
The course is assessed as follows:
Art History and Renaissance Culture: Image to Action – 4,000-word essay
Curating at the National Gallery – 4,000 word catalogue entry on a painting held in the National Gallery's collection, with supervision from National Gallery staff
Language and Palaeography – examinations in palaeography and language
Two optional modules – assessed by two 4,000 word essays or, if you choose the Curating Renaissance Art and Exhibitions option, through the creation of an online exhibition and a 3,000 word exhibition proposal
Dissertation - 15,000 words
The Methods and Techniques of Scholarship module is unassessed; it will introduce you to the nuts and bolts of the historiography and methods of scholarly work in Renaissance and early modern cultural history and prepare you, through a term of workshops, to choose, develop, and research the topic that forms the subject of your dissertation.
The core module on Language and Palaeographical Studies includes training at various levels in French, Italian or Latin, as well as palaeography training in one chosen language.
Students are also expected to attend the Warburg’s weekly Work-in-Progress seminar, which will appear in your timetable. It is not compulsory to attend non-timetabled events, but we encourage students to take advantage of the rich resource of talks and symposia at the Institute and the wider school.
Option modules are subject to change. Additional modules may be offered, depending on both student numbers (a minimum of six students required per option) and teaching staff availability.
Art History and Renaissance Culture - Image to Action
This course offers an introduction to the iconological study of Renaissance art. It focuses on figures, themes and narratives depicted in paintings, sculptures, prints and other visual media, and will unpack what these subjects tell us about social, political, cultural and religious attitudes from the thirteenth to seventeenth centuries. Classes are devoted to religious art, including the critical analysis of the lives of the saints and the cult of the saints, and secular art, with topics including portraiture, mythology, allegory and literature. Italy is the main storehouse of imagery, but our paths of investigation will extend well beyond to the rest of Europe.
Curating at the National Gallery
This course will provide students with an understanding of the issues involved in curating, conserving and presenting paintings in a great art museum or gallery context including: the technical examination of paintings; how questions of attribution and style are debated; the materials and techniques of paintings; issues raised by the conservation of paintings; how to investigate and establish provenance; the History of Collecting and its impact on museums; the display of paintings, including framing, lighting and hanging; an understanding of how to write interpretative texts supporting the display of paintings, such as labels and audio, digital texts keyed to paintings on display, and the art of writing a catalogue entry.
Language and Palaeographical Studies
The core module on Language and Palaeographical Studies includes training at all levels in European languages, which includes Latin, as well as palaeography training in one chosen language.
Methods and Techniques of Scholarship: Reading and Writing History
The main goal of the module is to introduce you to the nuts and bolts of scholarly work in late medieval and early modern cultural history (broadly conceived), and to prepare you for undertaking original research in this field.
In the Autumn Term ('Reading History'), our team of instructors will introduce you to a series of seminal articles and studies on different 'objects' (text, artworks, concepts, problems), showing you how each object can be - and has been - approached from a variety of perspectives. This will help you form a broad sense of the field of cultural history, its historical development, different methodologies, and open possibilities. We will also have skills-oriented sessions on topics such as reading scholarship, using and writing book reviews, conducting bibliographical research, and writing in an effective academic style.
The Spring Term (‘Writing History’) is a dissertation prep seminar that will guide you through the process of choosing, developing, and researching a topic for your final dissertation. Activities will range from tutorials to individual and small-group work to self-reflection and journal-keeping. In the final sessions of term you will each give a short oral presentation on your proposed dissertation topic. Throughout the workshop the focus will be on creating a supportive atmosphere where you feel comfortable sharing your work and learn how to give and receive feedback in an interdisciplinary context.
Classical Disorders: Architecture, Painting and the Afterlives of the Renaissance
This module examines Italian Renaissance architecture and urbanism, focusing particularly on ideas about the built environment and the city. Approaching themes such as conflict, beauty, giganticism, exile, and power, the module considers how Renaissance architects, artists and writers responded to the complex problems posed by the urban societies in which they lived. It begins by considering the writing and architecture of Leon Battista Alberti, a theorist and practitioner who conducted a lifelong investigation into society, art, and architecture, which he developed across technical treatises, dialogues, works of fiction, and an array of largely incomplete buildings in Rimini, Florence, and Mantua. It then examines the works of other thinkers and practitioners of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, touching on written works such as Filarete’s Libro architettonico, the Hypnerotomachia Poliphili, and Palladio’s Quattro libri, as well as a range of buildings including the Villa Farnesina, the Palazzo Te and the Laurentian Library. Alongside this, the module from time to time examines historiography, taking in nineteenth- and twentieth-century debates about, and responses to, Renaissance architecture. Throughout, we will consider how buildings, texts and works of art might be related to debates regarding pictorial and tectonic qualities, order and disorder, measure and measureless, and history and oblivion.
This course will study cosmograms: concrete objects which represent the universe as a whole. It will explore connections between art and science, including the intellectual function of images and the aesthetics of representing the cosmos and knowledge about it, in science, religion, and folk traditions. Students will be provided methods for studying such objects in action, as part of ritual practices, projects of knowledge, and political programs.
One aim of the course will be to trace the changing form and content of cosmograms from the medieval through modern period, especially with regard to scientific images. The course will trace the gradual emergence of a cosmology said to be mechanical, materialist, and objective, and its interactions and oppositions with other views of the cosmos. By exploring these conflicts and controversies through a focus on cosmograms, we will ground these longstanding issues of intellectual history in concrete contexts and the making of objects and images.
Designed as a partner to the Term 1 module, Curatorship at the National Gallery, this module investigates how Renaissance paintings and other cultural artefacts are displayed in contemporary museum/gallery environments, addressing intellectual, conceptual and logistical issues. It is designed to allow students to further develop their skills in research and writing about paintings in the collection, alongside objects from other institutional collections, while shifting the emphasis to technical training that will help prepare students for professional careers as curators, or as academics who might work with museums on exhibitions, both physically and virtually. Following a series of seven seminars covering formative topics, including museum and exhibition history, condition and curatorship, research and catalogue writing, virtual display and education, students will organise and design an online exhibition that forms the basis of individual assessment (including a presentation and an exhibition worksheet). The module is co-taught by the National Gallery and Warburg Institute, with staff expertise covering art history, curatorship, exhibition design, education and digital humanities, and provides students with practical and theoretical training in curatorial practice.
The aim of this course is to explore how maps have served to order and represent physical, social and imaginative worlds from around 1200 to 1700. The focus is on the iconographic character of maps and the complex relation between art and science that is found in mapmaking throughout history. Students will be introduced to a wide range of images from different time periods and made for a variety of purposes, with the intent of drawing together art history, literature, philosophy and visual culture. Theoretical issues will be approached concerning, for example, the association of word and image, the definition of maps and their difference from views and diagrams, but the background and purpose of individual examples will be also discussed. These include medieval world maps produced as independent artefacts or drawn as book illustrations, mural map cycles of the Italian Renaissance, early modern prints made to identify and describe lands mentioned in the Bible or the archaeological mapping of cities. The course will investigate the creative and projective power of maps and their value as historical testimonies. Mnemonic, thematic, allegorical and pilgrimage maps will be also approached. This module is supplemented by visits to London museums and galleries.
The aim of this module is to identify and explain the significance of religious culture in late medieval, Renaissance and early modern Italy, providing a basic understanding of the interactions between politics, social life, cultural expression, and religion. From the late Middle Ages to the early modern period politics and religion were inextricably bound together, the Church was involved in temporal matters, and religious beliefs and practices were powerful motivating factors in contemporary policy making; religion was expressed both in rituals and in texts and works of art, and formed a significant dimension of Italian culture and scholarship. Students are encouraged to develop a sound knowledge and critical understanding of Italian cultural history through the discussion of specific themes: the relation between pagan philosophy and Christian faith, Church and Empire, Church and Papacy, faith and space, sex and sanctity, Islam and Christianity, Jews and Christians, Church Councils and spiritual renewal, secular and religious utopias. Religion and Society in Renaissance Italy aims to critically assess the development of religious thought and practice by looking at texts and works of art, reaching – beyond factual information – a critical and unbiased assessment of the past and its complexities.
Renaissance Political Thought from Erasmus to Campanella
This module will explore some key political texts from the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, contextualizing them historically and situating them in a longstanding tradition of moral and political philosophy that stretches back to Classical Antiquity and the Middle Ages, and that has a long and complex afterlife in modern interpretation. We shall consider how Renaissance political thinkers operated within this tradition and yet deeply transformed it, partly in response to specific historical circumstances (e.g. movements of religious reform, the rise of nation-states, and the development of national vernacular languages, the ‘discovery’ of America, and the beginnings of the colonial race), and partly as a result of new theoretical choices (e.g. the rise of political ‘realism’). Our corpus will include both major milestones (such as Machiavelli’s Principe, Erasmus’ Education of the Christian Prince and More’s Utopia) and less familiar sources – from political emblem books to polemical pamphlets from the French wars of religion. Similarly, we shall cover both classic problems of political philosophy (such as the discussion on the best form of government) and more neglected, but nevertheless crucial, issues such as gender relations (e.g. the querelle des femmes, the debate on queenship), and colonial relations (e.g. the debate on ‘just war’ and the establishment of experimental ‘utopias’ in colonial South America).
With a title that borrows from Rosalind Krauss’s seminal 1979 article ‘Sculpture in the Expanded Field’, this module examines Renaissance sculpture according to broad parameters to think about how images and other media (such as drawing, print, architecture, paint) were fundamental to the creation and reception of sculptural objects. Together we will explore drawing and modelling in the artist workshop; the adaption and migration of sculpture into painting; the role of sculpture in the rituals of religious life – from mobile, polychromed crucifixes to immersive pilgrimage sites such as the Sacro Monte at Varallo; as well as sculpture within the framework of society and culture: large scale public work, portrait busts, installations within the villa garden and, finally, ephemeral sculptures made for festivities and banquets. In doing so, we will encounter the famous, at times monumental, artworks by sculptors such as Donatello, Michelangelo and Giambologna, but we will also consider more unfamiliar objects and materials: life-size holy dolls, votive wax figures, sculptures made from food, and the colossal monsters of the Sacro Bosco at Bomarzo. We will examine how sculpture was discussed in a range of primary sources, from artistic treatise to the fictional Hypnerotomachia Poliphili, alongside recent scholarship that engages with materiality and Renaissance making practices. It will become apparent that sculpture was a varied, experimental artform, which played a key role in the embodied practices of Renaissance life.
The aim of the module is to provide an understanding of the culture of the book in Renaissance Europe—a time and place that saw the invention of printing, the growth of both private and public libraries, the development of bibliographical protocols, the advent of the humanist printer, and new techniques for active reading. It also saw the beginnings of colonialism and conquest, cultural revolutions, religious reformations, and profound social upheavals. What role did the book play in these changes—or did it? How can it help us to understand the changing world of the European Renaissance? Through seminars, collection visits, and practical training at a historically appropriate printing press, this module will offer an overview of the history and the historiography of the book, with a special focus on the material aspects of production, dissemination, and use. It is jointly offered by the Warburg Institute and Institute of English Studies.
Full time (one year)
Three core modules, one compulsory module, and two option modules chosen from a range of topics, plus a dissertation of 15,000 words.
Part time (two years)
Year 1: one core module, one option module, your chosen language and palaeography;
Year 2: one core module and one option module.
You will work on your dissertation over both summers, with one-to-one supervision during each summer.
Part time plus (three years)
Year 1: one core module, one option module and your chosen language. Part one of the compulsory module, Techniques of Scholarship;
Year 2: one core module, palaeography and Techniques of Scholarship part two. You will be allocated your dissertation supervisor and begin work on it;
Year 3: one option module and your dissertation. Students will work on the dissertation over the summers of Years 1 and 2, with one-to-one supervision during each summer.
For every taught contact hour you should allow 2.5 hours of independent study
Full-time is 10-11 taught hours a week, with independent study this would come to 35-38.5 hours per week
Part-time is 6-7 taught hours a week, with independent study this would come to 21-24.5 hours per week
Part-time plus is 4 taught hours a week. with independent study this would come to 14 hours per week
The normal minimum entry requirement is an upper second-class honours degree from a British university, or an equivalent qualification from a non-UK institution, in any discipline in the humanities which is related to the course. All students whose first language is not English must provide recent evidence that their written and spoken English is adequate for postgraduate study.
For details of entry requirements, tuition fees, funding opportunities, English language requirements, disability support, accommodation and how to apply, please consult the School graduate study webpages. Detailed course descriptions and information about assessment are available here on the Institute’s graduate study webpages and on the School's graduate study webpages.
Please note the information in this guide is correct as of November 2021, but the School of Advanced Study, University of London reserves the right to alter or withdraw courses and amend other details without prior notice as required.