Richard Gartner

Digital Librarian


Richard Gartner is the Warburg Institute’s first Digital Librarian.

Richard has worked as both a practising librarian and an academic specializing in the theory and practice of digital librarianship. His areas of research have concentrated on the creation and curation of digital collections, digital library metadata and the role of digital libraries in scholarship. He also has an active research interest in the potential of digital libraries for enhancing international development.

He served for sixteen years as the Pearson New Media Librarian at the Bodleian Library, Oxford, where he was responsible for the Library's first digitization projects, the creation of the first twenty collections of the Oxford Digital Library, the introduction of the Internet into the library and its first CD-ROM networks. He has also worked at Dr. Williams’s Library in London where he was responsible for their first digitization project, the conversion of the Surman Biographical index.

For six years, he was a lecturer in the Department of Digital Humanities at King’s College London where he taught and researched digital curation and metadata theory. At King’s, he worked on a number of high profile research projects, including the European Holocaust Research Infrastructure and CENDARI: Collaborative European Digital Archive Infrastructure.

Richard is active on external committees, including the Editorial Board for the metadata standard METS (Metadata Encoding and Transmission Standard). He maintains a keen interest in international librarianship and has lectured and given conference papers in China, Tanzania, Bangladesh, India, Malaysia amongst other countries.

He is the author of the forthcoming book, From Information to Knowledge: a Beginner’s Guide to Metadata to be published by Springer Verlag in autumn 2016.

Key publications

Gartner, R. (2015) An XML schema for enhancing the semantic interoperability of archival description. Archival Science. 15 (3), 295-313

Gartner, R. (2015) 'New roles for librarians: custodians or digital asset managers', in 2015 4th International Symposium on Emerging Trends and Technologies in Libraries and Information Services. 2015 Noida: Jaypee Institute of Information Technology. pp. 222–225.

Gartner, R. (2014) Uniting libraries and archives: how an integrated metadata strategy can produce a connected research environment. Innovative Infotechnologies for Science, Business and Education. 1 (16), 9–13.

Gartner, R. (2014) Building A Federated Digital Library: Approaches to Metadata Integration. International Journal of Information Library and Society. 3 (1), 1–7.

Gartner, R. (2014) Intermediary schemas and semantic linkages: an integrated architecture for complex digital archives. International Journal of Metadata, Semantics and Ontologies. 9 (4), 289-298.

Lavoie, B. & Gartner, R. (2013) Preservation metadata (2nd edn.). Digital Preservation Coalition [online]. Available from: (Accessed 31 July 2013).

Gartner, R. & Hedges, M. (2013) 'CENDARI: establishing a digital ecosystem for historical research', in Gartner, R. & Hedges, M. (2013) in 2013 7th IEEE International Conference on Digital Ecosystems and Technologies (DEST).

Gartner, R. (2013) Parliamentary Metadata Language: an XML approach to integrated metadata for legislative proceedings. Journal of Library Metadata. 13 (1), 17–35.

Gartner, R. et al. (2013) A CERIF-based schema for encoding research impact. The Electronic Library.31 (4), 465-482

Gartner, R. (2012) METS as an ‘intermediary’ schema for a digital library of complex scientific multimedia. Information Technology and Libraries. 31 (3), 24–35.

Gartner, R. (2012) The digital object in context: using CERIF with METS. Journal of Library Metadata. 12 (1), 39–51.

Gartner, R. (2011) Intermediary schemas for complex XML publications: an example from research information management. Journal of Digital Information. 12 (3), . [online]. Available from: (Accessed 7 July 2011).

Gartner, R. (2008) Metadata for digital libraries: state of the art and future directions. Available from: (Accessed 23 August 2010). [online].